James had four brothers and four sisters. Census records indicate the family next moved to London when James was 18 after his grandfather George Gould died. He was the elder brother of the Masonic author Albert Churchward — He was a tea planter in Sri Lanka before coming to the US in the s. In , at the age of 75, he published The Lost Continent of Mu: Motherland of Man, which he claimed proved the existence of a lost continent , called Mu , in the Pacific Ocean. Claims and hypothesis[ edit ] According to Churchward, Mu "extended from somewhere north of Hawaii to the south as far as the Fijis and Easter Island.
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Brasseur believed that a word which he read as Mu referred to a land that had been submerged by a catastrophe. The description of that land given to Solon by Sonchis , priest at Sais ; its destruction by earthquakes , and submergence, recorded by Plato in his Timaeus , have been told and retold so many times that it is useless to encumber these pages with a repetition of it. VI, p. Other refugees supposedly fled to Central America and became the Maya.
Churchward claimed that "more than fifty years ago", while he was a soldier in India , he befriended a high-ranking temple priest who showed him a set of ancient "sunburnt" clay tablets, supposedly in a long lost "Naga-Maya language" which only two other people in India could read. Churchward convinced the priest to teach him the dead language and decipher the tablets by promising to restore and store the tablets for Churchward was an expert in preserving ancient artifacts.
The tablets were written in either Burma or in the lost continent of Mu itself according to the high priest. The edition states that "all matter of science in this work are based on translations of two sets of ancient tablets": the clay tablets he read in India, and a collection of 2, stone tablets that had been uncovered by William Niven in Mexico. This creation story dismisses the theory of evolution.
At the time of its demise, about 12, years ago, Mu had 64,, inhabitants and seven major cities, and colonies on the other continents. The 64 million inhabitants were separated as ten tribes that followed one government and one religion.
Churchward claimed that the landmass of Mu was located in the Pacific Ocean, and stretched east—west from the Marianas to Easter Island , and north—south from Hawaii to Mangaia.
According to Churchward the continent was supposedly 5, miles east to west and over 3, miles from north to south. That is bigger than the continent South America. The continent was believed to be flat with massive plains, vast rivers, rolling hills, large bays, and estuaries. Eventually Mu "was completely obliterated in almost a single night":  after a series of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions , "the broken land fell into that great abyss of fire" and was covered by "fifty millions of square miles of water.
Once the gases were empty after the explosion they collapsed on themselves causing the island to crumble and sink. As evidence for his claims, he pointed to symbols from throughout the world, in which he saw common themes of birds, the relation of the Earth and the sky, and especially the Sun.
Assyria mis-translated when writing and misplaced the garden of Eden, which according to Churchward would have been located in the Pacific ocean.
Churchward makes references to the Ramayana epic, a religious text of Hindu attributed to sage and historian Valmiki. He claimed that symbols of the sun are found "depicted on stones of Polynesian ruins", such as the stone hats pukao on top of the giant moai statues of Easter Island. Citing W. The platforms on which the statues rest ahu are described by Churchward as being "platform-like accumulations of cut and dressed stone", which were supposedly left in their current positions "awaiting shipment to some other part of the continent for the building of temples and palaces".
Churchward is different from the continent of Lemuria that is theorized to be in the Pacific or Indian Ocean. In his novels Churchward never mentions of the supposed other lost continent of Lemuria. Lemuria is imagined to be slightly bigger than Mu when located in the Pacific, but otherwise most people generally consider them the same mythological continent that once existed in the Pacific Ocean.
Newbrough called this continent Pan. People often link both Pan and Mu as the same mythological continent since both are claimed to be located in the Pacific. Newbrough continues to claim that the unknown continent disappeared 24, years ago, but will soon rise from the Pacific and will be inhabited by the Kosmon race. Heindel claims humans existed at this time, but humans had the power to shape-shift. He says they had no eyes but rather two sensitive spots that were affected by the light of the Sun.
In the dense atmosphere, humans were guided more by internal perception than by external vision. The language of these humans consisted of the sounds of nature. He wrote about the land of the Rutas, a lost land that ancient sources claimed was in the Indian Ocean but which he placed in the Pacific Ocean and associated with Atlantis stories in Histoire des Vierges.
Les Peuples et les continents disparus He amplified upon this in Occult Science in India , English translation He has been identified as a contributor to Rosicrucianism. The sial is generally absent in the ocean floor where the crust is a few kilometers thick, while the continents are huge solid blocks tens of kilometers thick. Since continents float on the sima much like icebergs float on water, a continent cannot simply "sink" under the ocean.
It is true that continental drift and seafloor spreading can change the shape and position of continents and occasionally break a continent into two or more pieces as happened to Pangaea. However, these are very slow processes that occur in geological time scales hundreds of millions of years. Over the scale of history tens of thousands of years , the sima under the continental crust can be considered solid, and the continents are basically anchored on it.
It is almost certain that the continents and ocean floors have retained their present position and shape for the whole span of human existence. There is also no conceivable event that could have "destroyed" a continent, since its huge mass of sial rocks would have to end up somewhere—and there is no trace of it at the bottom of the oceans. The Pacific Ocean islands are not part of a submerged landmass but rather the tips of isolated volcanoes. Moreover, the "Triumphal Road" that Pierre Loti had reported ran from the island to the submerged lands below, is actually a natural lava flow.
Archaeological evidence[ edit ] After the Pleistocene , cultures of the Americas and the Old World developed social complexity independent of each other,  and, in fact, agriculture and sedentism emerged in multiple locations around the world after the inception of the Holocene at 11, BP.
Easter Island was first settled around AD  and the pukao on the moai are regarded as having ceremonial or traditional headdresses. In the movie Atragon , Mu is an undersea kingdom. In the kaiju film Gamera vs. Jiger , Jiger originates from the lost continent of Mu. In the Doraemon film Doraemon: Nobita and the Castle of the Undersea Devil , Doraemon and friends meet a young boy from Mu who is an undersea person.
They set out into the Bermuda Triangle to stop the army inside it. In the — anime Super Dimension Century Orguss , the main antagonists are robots that were built by the ancient civilization of the Mu that turned on their creators and tried to annihilate all remaining life on Earth. Throughout the series, the robots are referred to as the Mu. Their evacuation was aided by the Eternals. Mu is the fifth of them the last one being Atlantis.
The Andre Norton novel Operation Time Search features a modern-day protagonist cast back in time, where he participates in a war between Atlantis and Mu. The Mu Revealed is a humorous spoof  by Raymond Buckland purporting to describe the long lost civilization of Muror, located on the legendary lost continent of Mu. The book was written under the pseudonym "Tony Earll", an anagram of "not really".
The book claimed to present a translation of a diary compiled by a boy called Kland found and translated by an archaeologist named "Reedson Hurdlop", an anagram of "Rudolph Rednose". In the manga version of Shaman King — the final rounds of the Shaman Tournament, as well as the Great Spirit ceremony, are held on the island which is submerged and hidden by Patch Tribe rituals.
Mu (lost continent)