Their critics call them Wahabi a name that salafis donot like to be called. All muslim should refrain from using a name that might hurt others. There is clear cut Hadith for this prohibition. They believe in deriving the rulings directly from Quran and Hadith for every muslim.
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Their critics call them Wahabi a name that salafis donot like to be called. All muslim should refrain from using a name that might hurt others. There is clear cut Hadith for this prohibition. They believe in deriving the rulings directly from Quran and Hadith for every muslim. A full clarification of the importance and safeguard in doing taqleed and the pros and cons of not following a mazhab requires a detailed article.
It also answers about Salafis points regarding issue of Taqleed. However, we will try to explain the basic points in brief. We will discuss this issue in detail but Before we would like to discuss some Misunderstanding around Taqleed Issue among general public and internet debators. Truth : It is wrong. There is no taqleed in Major Part of deen. As ruling with regard to these are clear and whosoever has knowledge of language can understand it. The first are those which are known by necessity to be part of the Deen of the Prophet sallalahu alaihi wa sallam like the five prayers, Zakaat, fasting in Ramadhan, Hajj; the prohibition of adultery, wine and so on.
Taqleed is not allowed in these issues since they are such that everyone should know and understand. The second type are those rules which need to be understood and extrapolated such as the details of the rituals of worship, transactions and weddings, for example, Taqleed is allowed in these issues since Allah says: "So ask the people of remembrance if you know not.
The famous Islamic jurist, Shaykh Abdul Ghani Al-Nablusi states: The issues which are agreed upon - without any doubt and by necessity - do not require any Taqleed of any of the four Imams like the obligation of Salaat. Fasting, Zakaat and Hajj, etc. The issues which are debated are the issues where Taqleed becomes necessary. Muslims has become divided because of Imams into four groups. And it is creating problems. A basic principle of all four Mazhab is to respect each other and their scholars are related with each other as teacher and students.
There are scholary discussion and debate but their is no groupism ever heard among them. Their scholars and General public have mutual respect. He prayed according to Abu Haneefa mazhab.
One of his disciple commented that even imam shafaee would have accepted your view. The teacher said if Imam Shafaee will come today I will become his Student. In Kerala where Muslims are Shafaee. Madarsaas are run by Shafaee. They remain in same Hostel under same roof.
Taqleed like a rope in your neck and other end is in Imams Hand. And you and other scholars of present and past have to abide whatever the Imam has say. Truth It is a very scientific and Rational process based on established priciples. Again it was relooked and Scrutenised by later scholars without any bias. They also differed from their Imam in the light of evidences and this process is continuous e. Similarly for others. Misunderstanding 4. Some brothers claim that Imam and their associates were not knowing the Ahadith that is claimed to be against their views.
Truth These Imams were people of unquestionable authorith. Aboo Haneefah is reported to have said: "Ours is no more than an opinion. We do not oblige or coerce anyone into accepting it.
Whoever has a better judgment, let him advance it. When the Sunnah was authenticated, no one deviated from it. If differences occurred it was only because of varying understanding or interpretation. Obedience belongs only to Almighty Allah and his prophet. This is the logical requirement of the doctrine of Tawheed belief in the Oneness of Allah and Risalat.
Therefore, we are required to follow the Holy Quran, being the direct commandment of Allah, and the Sunnah of Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam , being the indirect form of revelation. Islam is the guiding source for all spheres of life till the day of Qiyamah. Islam is the guiding principle for all aspect of life. It is not only the matter of deriving shariah rule for performing Salat, Roza,and ibadat. It has to give the guidance on the ever arising issues with the change of time and place.
Sharemarket,MutualFunds,OrganTranplantations,Insurane,Mechanised slaughtering,This list is never ending and new issues and problem will be added in it.
This is natural and bound to happen. For which rule of Shariah has to be derived. Derivation of Rule of Shariah from Quran and Ahadith 1. Shariat has solved this problem 1. If it is made obligatory on each and every Muslim to consult the Holy Quran and Sunnah in each and every problem rising before him, it will burden him with a responsibility which is almost impossible for him to discharge.
Verse Number 1: "O you who believe! Follow Allah; follow the Messenger and those of authority Amr amongst you. After substantiating the proofs for this second view, Imam Razi gives preference to it and writes: "So taking those of Amr to mean scholars is more appropriate.
In fact, both are implied. Rulers should be followed in political matters and jurists should be followed in legal issues. Hence, " So, if you do not know, ask those of remembrance. This behaviour is called taqleed of that jurist or Imam. Imam ruling is not anything parrallal or away from Sunnah 1.
Need of well established jurisprudence Life is in motion Time is always moving ,and the world will have new situation and challenges till the day of judgement.. Changes brought about by time and spaces are destined to come and Islamic ruling have to solve these needs of humanity according to Quran and Sunnah..
New situation can come on so many fronts. The Administration of a country with crores of population, legal status of Share markets and details of Islamic finance, Status of Muslim in a country where majority is non believer, use of mobile, and newer communication system, and countless other situation of local and of universal nature. Now what will be ruling for thos women about purity. Now you have two option either apply your mind with your limited knowledge of Quran and hadith or consult a person who has the requisite competence.
So naturally there should be a permanent mechanism to deal the situation. A permanent mechanism should be for derivation of rule from quran and sunnah The above discussion emphasize that there should be permanent mechanism to withstand all the changes brought about by time and space and can solve all the time bound needs of humanity till the day of judgement.
Islam is final massage and it deals with all aspect of life till the day of judgement. Administration of country, Maashrat, business, has reached to a complex situation.
For this important job a very deep knowledge and understanding of Quran and sunnat and its practical application to the current situation were required. They took it as a permanent job. They were not only the famous four Imam but so many others either working at different Islamic centers. May Allah give them best reward. They were outstanding in knowledge of quran and sunnat, intellectuality, piousness, piety,and Ikhlas. Thousands and thousand of such person devouted their life for this noble and essenitial cause.
There were more scholar group but out of these four distinguished Imam emerged whose Jurisprudence ruling were compiled in a systematic way and their ruling is still alive and popular. Benefit of this system They not only derived ruling but also compiled the basis of ruling from quran and sunnat, Deviced principles that helped further generation of ulema and scholar to derive rules from Quran and sunnat and to guide muslims on all aspect of life, including finance and administration etc.
These interpretations are not independent view of any one scholar rather it is based on some established principles. And these principles are not few rather it is a complete science for derivation called usul al-fiqh principles of jurisprudence. These principles have been devised after meticulous effort of the pious scholars of knowledge of Aslaf after deep study of Quran and Sunnah. Another important aspect is that the name of Fiqh according to its founder does not mean he was alone in the process of derivation of rules from quran o sunnat.
And each were free to put his opinion and was free to differ according to his understanding. And in these interpretation there is continuity also and even Imams views has been scrutinized by his immediate students and followers. Rather they have compiled the fiqh of Imam Abu Haneefa.
But they have differed on many …………………………. He is not only following the opinion and ijtihad of just Imam abu Hanifa rahimahullah. They are following thousands of ulama who have helped in compiling, checked and at times corrected these verdicts.
If Abu Hanifa did a mistaken ijtihad, his students will correct him. This way the verdict of Imam Abu Hanifa will not become a valid verdict in the hanafi madhhab.
In fact there exists many a ruling given by Imam Abu Hanifa RA that is not taken to be the ruling of the Hanafi Madhab, as his students and the consecutive generations of scholars, in the light of new evidences, amended the initial ruling. For example Imam Abu Hanifa say that doing khilal of the beard in wudu is simply mubah but hanafi mazhab follow Imam Abu Yusuf who say it is sunnah.
Imam Abu Hanifa says that any pure liquid can be used to remove impurity from body and clothes but the fatwa is according to Imam Muhammad who says that only water which is pure and purifying can be used to remove impurity from body and clothes. The same is the case with the other 3 Imams of fiqh. Only consideration was to uphold quran and sunnah This process of formulating a ruling, checking, rechecking, and refining it in light of new evidences took place by a galaxy of scholars whose abilities far surpass anyone today.
AQEEDAH OF THE FOUR IMAMS PDF
However we do imajs hope for those who do good and we fear for those who do evil. So a woman came to me, so she said: Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. To Allah we belong and to him is our return, this Basri has spent enough wealth acquiring knowledge, yet the condition of his knowledge is that he could not acquire the Sunnah of Rasulullah sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam regarding these Issues. Verily when the Muslim man has yet to reach the Hereafter, but he has already been cut off from this world.
Aqeedah, Its Meaning and Importance
This is similar to what Imam Abu Hanifa pointed out: Understanding in the religion first i. The beliefs must be corrected first, then follows all of the other aspects of the religion. Al-Aqeeda linguistically is derived from the term aqada. In Arabic, one states, "Aqada the rope" when the rope is tied firmly. And, "Aqada the sale" or "He settled the sale" when the person ratifies and contracts a sale or agreement. And Allah also says, "But He will take you to task for the oaths which you swear in earnest Ar.