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They were centers of capitalism, and as capitalism crushed the millennial generation—so scarred by the financial crisis of were they that they began to scorn material goods in favor of experience and suburban sprawl over urban spaces—so did millennials crush the mall. The reasons for the end of the era go beyond just millennial taste. The internet, wealth inequality, and re-urbanization all helped kill the American mall. But the dead mall has become a new sort of symbol, one of nostalgia and a sort of desire to slow the inevitable yet ever-quicker process by which modes of being become extinct. As the now-hallowed icons to s youth culture fade from view, they leave behind decaying real estate that must be repurposed, reimagined or, sometimes, simply put down.

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They were centers of capitalism, and as capitalism crushed the millennial generation—so scarred by the financial crisis of were they that they began to scorn material goods in favor of experience and suburban sprawl over urban spaces—so did millennials crush the mall. The reasons for the end of the era go beyond just millennial taste. The internet, wealth inequality, and re-urbanization all helped kill the American mall. But the dead mall has become a new sort of symbol, one of nostalgia and a sort of desire to slow the inevitable yet ever-quicker process by which modes of being become extinct.

As the now-hallowed icons to s youth culture fade from view, they leave behind decaying real estate that must be repurposed, reimagined or, sometimes, simply put down. They have inspired Deadmalls. But what will actually become of the spaces? There are a few options. To Re-tenant or Redevelop? Redeveloping a mall in its entirety can be an expensive and risky proposition. And many malls are owned by publicly traded companies whose shareholders want solid returns, not high-risk redevelopment projects.

As a result, while many malls have been turned inside out, from closed-air to open-air, it can be easier to re-tenant the existing structure, often with a grocery store as the anchor. Levy highlights the Hunt Valley Towne Center , near Baltimore , where ownership demolished the indoor Hunt Valley Mall in favor of an open air shopping center anchored by a Wegmans. An interior view of the now-demolished Owings Mills Mall near Baltimore.

Photo: Flickr user Mike Kalasnik Advertisement Anchor tenants, which were traditionally department stores, played a major role in the decline of malls. Apparel and accessories, the bread and butter of department stores, account for about 58 percent of total sales in malls in the U. Add to that the frequent provision in mall leases that allows tenants to pay significantly less rent when anchor tenants depart, and you have a cascade effect that cripples a mall financially, sometimes leading landlords to simply hand back the keys to the bank.

In , The Atlantic estimated that of the 1, or so malls in the U. One way is to look at those lacking anchor tenants or that have traditional department stores as anchor tenants. Many malls, especially outlet malls, still see huge sales volume, even with brick-and-mortar apparel retailers as anchors. Many areas want a grocery anchor, but others would more likely support big box stores like Walmart.

Which malls need re-tenanting, redeveloping, or good old fashioned demolition is perhaps mostly a function of demographics, which are a function of the regional economy. He points to the outlet mall under construction on Staten Island and closed-air retail developments in Hudson Yards and the Oculus. That might seem counterintuitive, but the construction is likely a reflection of the booming economy here in general, he said.

Meanwhile in Akron, Ohio, where the Rolling Acres Mall has been overgrown to such an extent that dead mall aficionado Dan Bell saw frogs spawning in its fountain when he last visited, new mall development is highly unlikely.

Areas with high unemployment, declining populations, and low wages have some of the worst-off retail properties, creating a cycle where a lack of products and services contributes to the overall economic decline. In Austin, Texas, a community college purchased a local dying mall and made it into classrooms, office space, and a library, as The Atlantic reported. At the Hunt Valley Towne Center, the developer also built multifamily apartments around the new, outdoor retail—a reversal of an old real estate adage that development is supposed to work the other way around, with retailers moving in once housing is built.

Chaban suggests that dead malls might also be converted to vocational training centers, which would help address a need in underserved areas that often comes hand in hand with a glut of unused mall space. Advertisement The Hawthorne Plaza Mall, in a suburb south of Los Angeles , closed in but found new life as a film location.

That might mean more experiential retailers, such as restaurants and movie theaters, but, in a properly executed urban-suburban development, the movie theater will have reclining seats and serve beer from a local microbrewery—a happy melding of convenience and urbane tastes. Many redevelopment plans focus on entertainment. Rollercoasters and waterslides are sometimes under consideration. A plethora of outdoor space is a must, Andrus said. An exterior view of the Arcade building in Providence, Rhode Island, constructed in , which has recently been renovated to include micro-apartments.

He points to the Jersey City, New Jersey, waterfront as a prototypical urban-suburban development. It brings together the experiential feel of cities and the accessibility of a suburb, with a backdrop of New York City and the Hudson River. As Levy said, while the U. Maybe not everything from the s is out of vogue.

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What Should Be Done with America’s Abandoned Malls?

What is City Chicken and how do you cook it? Inexpensive cuts of pork skewered on sticks to resemble chicken drumsticks became a substitute for chicken as a meal. Over the years, city chicken recipes have included other cuts of meat as well, such as veal or beef Growing up right outside of Cleveland Ohio, in the area of the midwest known as the rust belt , I had many opportunities to eat the different variations on City Chicken. You could not only find homecooks making the dish but it was also almost always offered on local diner menus. You may find some versions of this recipe pan fry the city chicken and call it a day.

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The cheery voice of an old school friend asked if might come over. He was sober. It was years since I could remember his coming to New York in that condition. I was amazed. Rumor had it that he had been committed fort alcoholic insanity.

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History[ edit ] Walter Anderson had been running food stands in Wichita since when he opened his first diner in a converted streetcar. After a second and third location, he was looking to open a fourth location when he met Billy Ingram and together they started the White Castle chain. White Castle was founded in in Wichita, Kansas. Anderson partnered with insurance and real estate man Edgar Waldo "Billy" A.

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Crave ruined a very special night out for me and my wife. Crave failed on so many different levels. Let me explain. It was a great show and a spectacular venue. After doing some online research, Crave appeared to be one of the better restaurants in downtown Akron. I made reservations online via Reso.

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